The Bornean pygmy elephant is a sub-species of the Asian elephant. Its origin is not yet established. There are two competing theories; one suggesting it is indigenous to Borneo and the other maintaining that they were introduced in the 18th century by the Sultan of Sulu. If they were introduced, it is likely that they come from the now extinct Javan elephants. An Asian elephant, Bornean pygmy elephants are classified as ‘Endangered’.

Whatever the real origin of the Bornean elephant, there are now estimated to be 2,040 left in Sabah. Because elephants require much larger areas of natural habitat than most other terrestrial mammals in Asia, they are one of the first species to suffer the consequences of habitat fragmentation and destruction and because of its great size and large food requirements, the elephant cannot co-exist with people in areas where agriculture is the dominant form of land-use. They come into conflict with humans as they enter agricultural plantations and villages.

For more information visit Wikipedia ‘Borneo Elephant’.

REACT Elephant Project

REACT works in an area called the Lower Kinabatangan River where there is estimated to be 298 Bornean elephants. This is an area particularly rich in elephants, approximately 15% of the total Bornean population, and protected by the local Government. Luckily, this is an area where many local Government, NGOs, and researchers have been established for many years and there is a real opportunity to ensure the continued survival of elephants in these forests for generations to come. We are dedicated to planting forest corridors and education at local schools.

Connecting You to Elephants

There are ways for you to directly and indirectly participate in saving elephants. As Gandhi once said, “Be the change you want to see in the World”. Each individual has the ability to have a positive impact and here are a few suggestions to help you on your way.

Why not take an ecotour to visit elephants in the wild? Spend your next holiday with a good ecotour company, where your money goes towards paying local people and helping save elephants in the wild. As a consumer, your money can have a dramatic change on the ground.

For an elephant ecotour visit

If you are a teacher or a student, why not consider a school education trip with elephants? Have a taste of what it is like to be a conservationist and find out more about the complexities of saving an endangered species.

If you have any spare time why not help out at REACT? We need people to help with events, collections or maybe you have a special skill to contribute.

Make a donation to help REACT save elephants in the wild. We use Virgin to take donation as this saves us on administration and ensure we can spend the maximum amount of your donation on elephants.